Definition of Social Control
As social beings, humans live together with other people. In living together, certainly a man can not act arbitrarily. Norms laid the basic guidelines of how humans play a role and how people interact with each other. But often the norms were not heeded. Social deviations occur. As a result, a riot in the community.
Social control (social control) is a process that aims to make people comply with norms and social values that exist in society. With social control, creating an orderly society. In an orderly society, every citizen perform the role according to the expectations of society.
The purpose of social control is so that they can carry out their obligations properly and enjoy their rights. Tranquility and security can be perceived. Roucek suggests that social control is sualu term that refers to a process in which individuals are encouraged, persuaded, or forced to conform to the customs and values of a group.
The nature of social control
By its nature, social control can be grouped under social control preventive and repressive social control.
Preventive social control is social control that is performed prior to the violation. The aim is to prevent the violations occurred. Preventive social control, among others, can be done through the process of socialization. In the socialization, advice, suggestions, prohibitions or orders may be submitted, forming a habit that endeared to perform the role as expected. For example, the advice of teachers to students. In his advice, the teacher asks the students to keep studying and doing homework, if counsel were heard and implemented by the student, the student will be able to master the lessons given by the teacher. His role as a student also can do well.
Repressive social control is social control that is intended to restore the situation as it was before the violation occurred. This control is done by the people who commit an act of social deviation. Repressive social control is usually followed by the application of sanctions for the perpetrators of social deviation. For example, a student who violates the rules of the Student school- sanctioned. The goal for the school order back awake
Ways Social Control
There are two ways of social control in society, namely:
Social control by means of persuasion, which is not conducted through violence, but through invitation or guidance so that people can act in accordance with the norms prevailing in society.
By means of coercive social control, which emphasize violence or the threat of physical force, with the aim that the perpetrator did not repeat his actions that deviate.
Forms of Social Control
In its application, have some form of social control, such as religion, education, rumor or gossip, rebuke, and punishment. More details, forms of social control is below:
Religion is a way of life to achieve happiness in this world and in the hereafter for the believer. Therefore, someone who embraces a religion is required to carry out the obligations and avoid prohibitions outlined in religion. If a person believes and obedient to his religion, then by itself be restrained behavior of deviant forms of behavior.
Every devout believers will be able to control himself from the acts prohibited by religion, such as stealing, gambling, corruption, slander, vilify others (blasphemous), fornicating, and killing.
Education is the social control that has been institutionalized both within the family and community environment. Education lead a person to become a man who is responsible and useful to religion, homeland and nation. Someone who is successful in the world of education will feel uneasy and afraid when committing inappropriate or deviant.
For example, in the era of globalization where free competition will be followed by the international community, it is proper person as a citizen should realize the importance of education in order to improve the human resources (HR) as a provision in the competition or competition with other nations.
Rumors or gossip
Rumors or gossip is news quickly spread through the mass media and through word of mouth. Rumors often referred to as hearsay or rumor. The truth of the rumor news is still doubtful because there are always rumors based on facts or reality.
The embarrassment caused by the rumors making social deviation actors who was rumored to be aware of his actions. He went back to behave according to the norms of society. He will act more carefully and not repeat his actions.
Reprimand or a warning is given to the person doing the deviation of the perpetrators of social deviation realized his mistake as soon as possible. Reprimand may be submitted orally or in writing. Reprimand in formal organizations is done in stages.
Usually reprimand performed three times in writing. If the warning is not heeded for the sake of warning, then the offender will be subject to disciplinary sanctions.
Punishment is a negative sanction given to a person who violates the rules written or unwritten. Formal institutions are authorized to carry out the punishment the court. In addition to the courts, there is also a traditional institution that has the authority impose penalties. However, this authority is limited to the customary community alone. For example, a violation of the law, such as torture, murder, robbery, corruption and manipulation. While the violation of customs, among others, cohabiting and elope.
Role of Social Control
In the social control, the institutions that exist in the community quite a role. Institutions that aim to meet the basic needs of man basically has the following roles.
Provide guidance to members of the public, how they should behave or act in the face of the problems they encounter in society, particularly with regard to the needs.
Maintaining the integrity of society.
Provide grip for the public to hold a social control system. That is, the community supervision system to the behavior of its members.
Public institution which aims to oversee customs or behavior patterns which are not part of the institution itself absolute by Gillin Gillin and called fegulaiipe institutions. An example is the prosecution and the court. In performing this function, the prosecutor and the court is assisted by the police. As a police state apparatus has a duty to preserve and maintain order and to prevent and cope with deviant behavior that violates the law in society. The role of the police not only prevents, but also capture, investigate and hand over the perpetrators to prosecution to be forwarded to the court.
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